This chapter covers the way in which the North was affected by the commercialization and industrialization that defined the Market Revolution. The preindustrial ways of work and trade gave way to industrial and commercial methods. The Market Revolution transformed the North into an urbanized, industrializing society of workers connected to expanded commercial markets. As new social classes emerged in urban areas, an equally new social order developed to cope with the deep-rooted, substantial changes in patterns of work and daily living.
After reading this chapter you should be able to:
Use the Lowell mill women to illustrate the development of a community of workers.
Compare the preindustrial ways of working to the changes brought on by the Market Revolution.
Trace the beginning of the Market Revolution in America.
Outline the transition from an artisan to a worker.
Explain the changes in the social order due to the Market Revolution.
Describe the changes in values and attitudes in people as they experienced the Market Revolution.
Discuss how evangelical religion, sentimentalism and transcendentalism, helped the new middle class adjust to change.
Discuss how the North and South developed different types of regional cultures due to the changes in their economic systems.